Chalmers: Chalmers tekniska hoegskola, Sweden

http://www.chalmers.se

founded 1829, was transformed into an independent foundation non-profit university in 1994.

Chalmers' annual turnover is appr. 250 million EUR, out of which 65 % are related to research. Around 70% of the research funding is acquired in competition from external sources. More than 14000 people, including over 12 000 undergraduates, work and study in some of Chalmers’ 17 departments.

The university offers Ph. D. and Licentiate programmes as well as MScEng, MArch, BEng and nautical programmes. There are around 6 000 students (FTE) taking undergraduate programs leading to some 900 Master’s degrees annually. About 1 000 students are involved in doctoral programs leading to around 300 Ph. D. and Licentiate of Technology degrees each year.

Chalmers has been involved in EU funded research projects since 1990 and is since several years, on a continuous basis involved in approximately 145 industrial and educational projects within different EU programmes, mainly the Framework Programmes. The annual EU funding for research is 13 M€. The Chalmers parts within FP6 (142 projects) had a contract value of 45 M€. Presently (early 2010) Chalmers is the beneficiary in 112 accepted projects in FP7, and the coordinator of 16 of these contracts. In total, over the years Chalmers has participated in some 550 Framework Programme projects and has been the coordinator of 60 FP projects.

At the Department of Nuclear Engineering of Chalmers, research and education has been performed in reactor and neutron physics since 1960. The Department has a staff of 30 persons, including 10 Ph. D. students, 2 MSc students and 2 technicians. In addition there are at all times several short- and long-term visitors at the Department.

There are four major research activities at the Department. One of them concerns theoretical research and method development in transport theory, neutron noise diagnostics, nuclear safeguards, data analysis, numerical modelling and core calculations. Another area is experimental neutron physics with applications mainly in material research and nuclear safeguards. This work is performed with the use of a portable neutron generator, and a pulsed beam for slow positrons. As the third area, the Department is also active in the field of Nuclear Technology, which is a cross-disciplinary field including reactor physics and dynamics, and thermal-hydraulics. Finally, the Department is involved in research in fusion plasma physics.

The Department took part in the FP4 program IABAT and the PF5 project MUSE.

Key persons in the project:

Prof. I. Pázsit will be the project leader in Chalmers. He got his PhD in Hungary 1975 and a DSc in Hungary in 1985. Between 1983-91 he worked at Studsvik Energiteknik AB, later Studsvik AB, and from 1991 he has the chair in Nuclear Engineering in Chalmers. His research interests are neutron noise analysis of zero power systems and power reactors; application of noise techniques in nuclear safeguards; transport theory of charged and neutral particles; and finally advanced signal analysis methods. He is a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society, and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. He is the author of the book I. Pázsit and L. Pál: Neutron fluctuations – a Treatise on the Physics of Branching Processes, Elsevier, 2008.

Dr. Johan Anderson is a researcher at the department, with a tenure-track employment aiming at a lecturer position. He got his PhD in physics in 1997 and a PhD in fusion plasma physics in Chalmers in 2002. He has been an assistant professor in Chalmers and spent 2 years as a post-doc in Japan. He is going to participate in our analytical research in neutron fluctuations in multiplying systems, including safeguards problems and reactivity measurement methods

Dr. Dina N. Chernikova is a post-doc at the Department of Nuclear Engineering in Chalmers. She got her PhD at the Neutron Generator Laboratory, Moscow Engineering and Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia, in using experimental methods (neutron generators) and simulation tools (Monte-Carlo calculations) in research related to nuclear safeguards and quantifying spent fuel. She will participate in our work with Monte-Carlo simulations in support of the experiments and the development, test and verification of the reactivity measurement methods, with a possible participation in the experiments.

Dr. Tran Hoai Nam is a post-doc at the Department. He got his PhD at Tokyo Institute of Technology in 2008, and was a post-doc at Nagoya University between 2008-2010. His research interests are deterministic and stochastic core calculations; core design for FBRs, and advanced numerical method development for fuel loading pattern of LWRs based on the inverse analysis.