CNRS-IN2P3: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France

The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Center for Scientific Research) is a government-funded research organisation, under the administrative authority of France's Ministry of Research.

CNRS's annual budget represents a quarter of French public spending on civilian research. As the largest fundamental research organisation in Europe, CNRS carried out research in all fields of knowledge, through its eight CNRS Institutes : Institute of Chemistry (INC) ; Institute of Ecology and Environment (INEE) ; Institute of Physics (INP) ;Institute of Biological Sciences (INSB) ; Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences (INSHS) ; Institute for Computer Sciences (INS2I) ; Institute for Engineering and Systems Sciences (INSIS) ; Institute for Mathematical Sciences (INSMI); and two national institutes: the National Institute of Earth Sciences and Astronomy(INSU);and the National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3).

Its own laboratories as well as those it maintains jointly with universities, other research organisations, or industry are located throughout France, but also overseas with international joint laboratories located in several countries. Measured by the amount of human and material resources it commits to scientific research or by the great range of disciplines in which its scientists carry on their work, the CNRS is clearly the hub of research activity in France. It is also an important breeding ground for scientific and technological innovation.

The IN2P3 is the National Institute of Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics of the CNRS. IN2P3 devotes itself to research in the physics of the infinitely small, from the atomic nucleus down to the elementary particles, and of the physics of the infinitely large, to study the composition and evolution of the Universe. The objectives are to determine matter's most elementary constituents and understand their interactions, and to understand the structure and properties of nuclei.

The IN2P3 is also involved into reactor physics and is an actor of research for Accelerator Driven System since the 90’s. As the IN2P3 has a long experience and wide competences in the field of particle accelerators it contributes since then to the definition of a LINAC accelerator for ADS’s and has designed and built two deuteron accelerators for coupling experiments with zero-power reactor mock-ups, MASURCA (CEA Cadarache, France) and VENUS (SCK•CEN, Mol, Belgium), respectively for the MUSE and GUINEVERE programmes. For the coming experiments at VENUS reactor, the IN2P3 will be still in charge of the necessary developments and maintenance of the accelerator, and will consequently provide the technical staff to do so. The contribution to the FREYA experiments will be ensured by about ten experienced nuclear physicists, e.g.:

LPC Caen, Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR 6534) depends on the following organisations:


In the project FREYA, the beneficiary, the CNRS, wishes to represent also the Université de Caen and the ENSICAEN, in name of the clause 10.

Key persons in the project:

Dr. Annick Billebaud, is a Nuclear Physics Physicist of the “Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie” (CNRS-IN2P3, University Grenoble I and Grenoble INP). She graduated from the “University Lyon I” in 1992 where she completed her Ph. D. thesis in 1995. Since she joined CNRS in 1996 her main activity is dedicated to reactor physics experiments in support of ADS. She conducted the experiments of LPSC in the FP5 MUSE programme, and is in charge of the GUINEVERE project at CNRS, part of FP6 EUROTRANS-IP in which she is also leader of the task 2.3.2 “GENEPI-3C design and specifications”.

Dr. Jean-Luc Lecouey, Ph. D. in experimental nuclear physics (Université de Caen, 2002). After two years as a research associate at Michigan State University, he joined the “Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire” of Caen (CNRS-IN2P3, University of Caen, ENSICAEN) as an associate professor of ENSICAEN in 2005. Since then, he has worked in the field of Nuclear and Reactor Physics and is currently involved in the GUINEVERE and SPIRAL2-NFS projects.

Dr. François-René Lecolley, born in 1968, Ph. D. in experimental nuclear physics (University of Caen, France, 1996). Since 1998 he is associate professor of University of Caen and is working at the "Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen" (CNRS-IN2P3, University of Caen, ENSICAEN) on the measurement of nuclear data relevant for ADS in the framework of european projects (HINDAS, EUROTRANS-NUDATRA). Has experience in neutron detection, neutron monitoring and ADS analyses through MCNP calculations for the EUROTRANS-ECATS project.