ENEA: Agenzia Nazionale per le Nuove Tecnologie, l’Energia e lo Sviluppo Economico Sostenibile - Italy


ENEA – Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development - is a public research institution operating in the fields of energy, the environment and new technologies to support competitiveness and sustainable development. The Agency's activities are targeted to research, innovation technology and advanced services in the fields of energy - especially nuclear energy - and sustainable economic development. ENEA conducts scientific research and technology development activities that draw on a wide range of expertise, advanced facilities and tools located at its own eleven Research Centres, operating in support of ENEA's programmes and the Nation's productive system. The staff is about 3300 persons out of which more than 2000 are researchers engaged in R&D activities.

Beside the former activities carried out since the 70s on various fuel cycles (U-Pu, U-Th) including realization and operation of several facilities for nuclear waste management, ENEA is being strongly involved in national (Agreement with Minister of Economic Development for an R&D programme on “New Nuclear Fission” and TRASCO-TRAsmutazione SCOrie - i.e. Nuclear Waste Transmutation - funded by the Italian Ministry of the University and Research) and European R&D programmes (TECLA, MEGAPIE-TEST, MUSE, PDS-XADS, PYROREP, ADOPT, EUROTRANS, EUROPART, ELSY, ACSEPT, GETMAT, CDT, LEADER, ESFR, THINS, GoFastR, ADRIANA, etc.) aiming to study physics and develop technologies in the field of partitioning and transmutation, as well as to design an Accelerator Driven System and a Lead-cooled Fast Reactor for nuclear waste incineration and efficient energy production.
ENEA was one of the three founding members of the European Technical Working Group on ADS which – in 2001 - prepared the well known “European Roadmap for Developing Accelerator Driven Systems for Nuclear Waste Incineration”, under the mandate of a Research Ministers’ Advisory Group of ten European Countries.

Key persons in the project:

Dr. Carlo Artioli, M.S. degree in Nuclear Engineering (summa cum laude) at the University of Bologna, Italy, in 1975. He joined the former CNEN (Nuclear Energy National Committee) where he worked as core designer for fast reactors. He took part in the European activities for the harmonization of nuclear codes and in the programmes for Plutonium management and Minor Actinides reduction. Currently serving as researcher at ENEA Bologna, he has been core design leader for the ADS EFIT within the European IP EUROTRANS and core designer for the ELSY reactor, as well as in charge of definition and designing of the DEMO LFR in the Italian programme. In addition he is professor of Neutronic Design of Reactor Core in the Postgraduate Master on Advanced Nuclear Systems at the Bologna University.

Dr. Mario Carta, (12/04/1954, Rome, Italy) has a master degree in Physics (1979) from the University of Rome "La Sapienza". ENEA researcher starting from June 1983, from 1979 to 1990 is involved in fast reactor physics. From 1986 to 1990 (being detached at CEA-CEN Cadarache – France from 1986 to 1988), is member of the international SPX-1 start-up analysis group. From1991 to 1995 is involved in the analysis of severe accident consequences in thermal reactors. From 1996 unto this day is involved in the analysis of Accelerator Driven Systems neutronics, with different coordination roles at national and international level. TPC member for several international conferences, is author/co-author of more then 130 publications among reviews, conferences, and technical reports.

Dr. Ing. Paride Meloni, born in 1958, received his University degree in Nuclear Engineering at the University of Bologna in 1983. During the last past years his activity has been strongly devoted to development and qualification of numerical tools for the simulation of the transient and dynamic behaviour of heavy metal cooled Accelerator Driven Systems and High Temperature Gas Reactors. At present he is mainly involved in the conceptual design of the European Lead Fast Reactor (ELSY) and in the experimental program to support the licensing process of the International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS).

Dr. Ing. Stefano Monti, born in 1957, did his studies at the University of Bologna, Faculty of Nuclear Engineering, where he received his University degree in 1982. Since 1983, he worked as scientist first in NIRA (ANSALDO) and then in ENEA within the Italian Nuclear Programme on Fast Reactors and, in particular, it took part in the design and realization of the Italian Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor called PEC, a 120 MW facility for the irradiation and qualification of advanced fuels. He is currently scientific coordinator of the Italian R&D program on nuclear fission funded by the Minister of Economic Development and member of the Project Coordination Committee of the FP7 CDT project and of the Governing Council of the FP7 LEADER project.

Dr. Elisabetta Nava, born in 1971, graduated in Physics at the University of Bologna (Italy) in 1997. She obtained the specialization in Medical Physics in 1999 and the Ph. D. in Physics in 2004 at the University of Bologna. As far as the nuclear reactors are concerned, she also worked at the fast reactor TAPIRO (ENEA Casaccia, Italy) where she was involved in the experimental activities mainly dedicated to the Boron Neutron Capture Therapy. As for the subcritical systems, in the framework of the ADS-DF, PDS-XADS and TRADE projects she worked on the neutronic design of the core and shielding issues. Since 2008 she is involved in the scientific support to the Italian Foreign Ministry for the CTBT (Comprehensive nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty) verification.

Dr. Massimiliano Polidori, born in 1974, received his Master degree in Nuclear Engineering at the University of Bologna (Italy) in 2004 with a thesis on thermalhydraulic/neutronic transient simulations of TRADE subcritical experiment. He was subsequently awarded a one-year Research Fellowship at Engineering Faculty of Bologna (DIEM) for the development and improvement of coupled code RELAP5/PARCS. Later he joined ENEA (Italy) where he was involved in the EFIT and ELSY T/H project as well as in the preparation and support of a benchmark activity for T/H codes within VHTR RAPHAEL project. His main activity is currently related to the design of FASTEF facility critical mode and LEADER project, and to implement HLM coolant (lead and LBE) in CATHARE2 system code.

Dr. Massimo Sarotto, born in 1970, graduated in Physics at the University of Torino (Italy) in 1996. He obtained his Ph.D. in Metrology at Politecnico of Torino in 2001 and he is achieving a Master (II level) in Nuclear Engineering at University of Bologna. Since 2001 he works at ENEA (Italy), where he maturated a skilled experience in Deterministic Neutron Transport Codes: ERANOS (for neutronic analysis of Fast Reactor), TORT (for shielding analysis of PWRs). He is also skilled in Monte Carlo codes as MCNP (for neutronic analysis of Fast Reactors and Dose calculations for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy). He participated at the following international projects financed by the EC: PDS-XADS, TRADE, EUROTRANS-EFIT and ELSY (VI FP). Actually he is responsible of two tasks in CDT/FASTEF (VII EU FP). He has been also involved in the IRIS project (PWR, Gen. III+Reactor) in collaboration with Westinghouse (USA), Ansaldo and Politecnico of Milano (Italy).